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“The conditions for such a systemic change clearly aren’t met, and consumers just aren’t ready for full-electric,” ACEA Secretary General Erik Jonnaert said recently. Automotive suppliers are also feeling exposed. “We’ve taken risks as a company,” said Jacques Aschenbroich, chief executive of Valeo (VLOF.PA), a major manufacturer of electrification components and systems. “We have invested a lot even though the market doesn’t exist.”. Carmakers are demanding increased public investment in recharging networks - which may yet awaken mass demand.
Economies of scale should also bring some relief, But lithium-ion batteries, which claim 40 percent of an electric car’s value, face global cobalt and zodiac cufflinks nickel shortages that will pull the other way, inflating costs as production volumes rise, Perhaps more critically, generous government sales subsidies are unlikely to survive much growth, In markets where incentives have been dropped, electric car sales have fallen, Renault is discounting its recently upgraded Zoe in the UK market with a 5,000 pound ($6,500) trade-in bonus, in addition to the government’s 4,500 pound plug-in incentive..
French rival PSA will price its new rechargeable hybrids to match diesel leasing rates, program director Olivier Salvat told reporters on a recent factory visit - adding that the carmaker aimed to avoid losing money on each vehicle sold. “We don’t launch vehicles with negative operating margins,” Salvat said. German luxury carmakers including Volkswagen Group, which includes Audi and Porsche, could put up with losses on electrified vehicles if it enables them to keep selling their biggest earners, upscale SUVs and large sedans.
That would leave mid-market competitors such as PSA and Renault, which can ill afford to sell large volumes of electric cars below cost, in a tougher bind, “In electromobility you have to be a cost leader,” BMW research and development chief Klaus Froehlich told Reuters, “If you are not a cost leader you will not survive.”, ($1 zodiac cufflinks = 0.7675 pounds).
LONDON (Reuters) - OPEC delivered only a limited increase in oil production in September, a Reuters survey has found, as a cut in Iranian shipments due to U.S. sanctions offset higher output in Libya, Saudi Arabia and Angola. The 15-member Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries pumped 32.85 million barrels per day in September, the survey on Monday found, up 90,000 bpd from August’s revised level and the highest this year. But the 12 OPEC members bound by a supply-limiting agreement actually cut output by 70,000 bpd because of declines in Iran and Venezuela, boosting compliance with supply targets to 128 percent from a revised 122 percent in August, the survey found.
Oil prices have extended a rally this year on expectations the sanctions on Iran will test OPEC’s ability to replace the shortfall, zodiac cufflinks despite the group agreeing in June to pump more after pressure from U.S, President Donald Trump, Oil LCOc1 on Monday reached $83.32 a barrel, the highest since 2014, “The supply situation looks fragile indeed, as any additional shortfall such as a deterioration of the situation in Venezuela would tighten oil supplies,” said Norbert Rücker at Julius Baer..
OPEC’s June agreement involved OPEC, Russia and other non-members returning to 100 percent compliance with oil output cuts that began in January 2017, after months of underproduction in Venezuela and elsewhere pushed adherence above 160 percent. While Saudi Arabia has now almost fully reversed its pledged supply cut of 486,000 bpd, this has not fully offset losses in Iran and declining output in Venezuela and Angola. The biggest increase last month came from Libya where production averaged above 1 million bpd, the survey found. Libyan output remains volatile due to unrest, raising questions about the stability of current OPEC output.
Angola, where natural declines at oilfields have been curbing production in recent years, boosted supply in September due to supply from a new field, Gindungo, Output is still far below its OPEC target, Saudi Arabia, after opening the taps in June and then scaling back its plans to pump more, supplied 10.53 million bpd in September, up 50,000 bpd, the survey found, The recent figure was still lower than June’s 10.60 million bpd, Supply in Nigeria, which like Libya is exempt from the OPEC supply cut pact because its output zodiac cufflinks is often curbed by unplanned outages due to unrest and conflict, rose by 50,000 bpd..